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Tom Cleaver
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Special Hobby 1/48 Firefly Mk.V

October 1, 2015 · in Aviation · · 9 · 2.5K

During the last year of the Second World War, the Fairey F.R.I had proven itself the best British designed carrier strike aircraft used in the conflict. With the end of the war and the need to get rid of the U.S. carrier aircraft provided under lend lease, the Firefly acquired new importance as it became the only carrier based strike aircraft available to the Fleet Air Arm.

After the design and production of the Firefly III, a Mk.I airframe with a Griffon 61 engine enclosed in an annular radiator that made the aircraft directionally unstable, a more extensive redesign around the more powerful engine was undertaken. The radiators were removed to the leading edges of the wing, which allowed a much cleaner engine cowling, with benefit to both performance and handling. Trials with the original Firefly III airframe with the new cowling and radiator installation began in 1944, with the engine upgraded to a Griffon 72. Three more Mk.I airframes were used in the development program, which resulted in the Firefly IV.

The new version used the Griffon 74, which proved 2,100 h.p. at sea level, compared with the 1,735 h.p. available from the Griffon II and XII used in the Firefly I. This allowed the maximum weight to be raised 1,000 pounds above that of the Mk.I, and still provide a 40 m.p.h. increase in maximum speed, to 345 m.p.h. at 12,500 feet. The wingtips were clipped to improve the roll rate, though the total wing area remained the same with the increase at the wing roots for the radiators, and the ASH radar used by the N.F.I was located in a small nacelle under the starboard wing, with an auxiliary fuel tank of similar size and shape under the port wing to preserve symmetry. Flight tests in 1945 revealed a need for a 4 blade prop to absorb the increased power and an enlarged vertical fin and rudder to preserve stability.

A reallocation of contracts for Firefly Is in August 1945 allowed for initial production of 30 F.R. Mk.IV and 23 N.F. Mk.IV Fireflies, with a further 67 F.R. Mk.IVs ordered in November for a total production of 120 aircraft for the Fleet Air Arm. In May, 1946, the Royal Netherlands Navy ordered 40 F.R. Mk.IVs.

While the first flight of a production Firefly IV came on May 25, 1945, the wind down of the war resulted in the first Mk.IV being delivered in September 1946, with the first two fleet squadrons 810 and 825 becoming operational in September 1947.

While the Firefly IV joined the earlier Firefly Is in fleet squadrons in the fighter reconnaissance role, the visually virtually identical Firefly Mk. V became a "universal" airframe which could be used in either the fighter reconnaissance, night fighter, or anti submarine role. First flight of the Firefly Mk. V came on December 12, 1947. An outstanding contract for 117 Firefly IVs was modified to cover initial production of the Firefly V, with subsequent production of 52, 103 and 66 aircraft beginning in May 1948; Dutch purchase of an additional 14 Firefly Vs brought total production to 352, with delivery to the FAA beginning in January 1948 and ending in May 1950.

FAA squadrons using the Firefly I began re equipping with the Firefly V with 815 squadron taking the first on charge in late January 1948. No. 825 Squadron took on seven Firefly 5s in addition to their 24 Firefly 4s, and operated from HMCS "Magnificent" as an RCN squadron. 816 and 817 Squadrons, both completely equipped with Firefly Vs, served with the Royal Australian Navy aboard HMAS "Sydney."

The Firefly's major combat operations came with the outbreak of the Korean War. The first Firefly IV squadron to see combat was 810, aboard HMS "Theseus", which relieved "Triumph" in October 1950. The Firefly IVs and Vs operated from the light fleet carriers in Korean waters primarily flew close support missions for the ground troops. This was not a mission originally envisaged for the aircraft, but the ability of the Firefly to carry significant underwing ordnance loads due to the extra power of the Griffon 74 allowed a combat load of 2,000 lbs. per aircraft. While this was light compared to such U.S. types as the Corsair and Skyraider, it was a significant load to be taken off one of the small British light carriers, without aid of a catapult. The aircraft was so reliable it could fly up to three sorties per day per aircraft from a carrier, with a squadron of 26 aircraft, often in extremely adverse weather.

The record for individual missions during a Korean deployment went to LT J.F.K. “Sean” McGrail of 821 Squadron, who flew 118 missions from HMS “Glory” between November 1952 and May 1953. The record number of 123 total sorties flown in a single day by H.M.S. "Ocean" on May 17, 1952, included 47 flown by 825 Squadron's Fireflies. At the end of July, 1952, MiG 15s first attacked the unit's aircraft, causing one Firefly to force land. Between May and the end of October 1952, 825 Squadron flew 1,907 sorties in 3,243 flying hours; in 1,948 deck landings, there were only four accidents. 16,868 rockets were fired and 96,500 pounds of bombs dropped. For this performance, 825 was awarded the Body Trophy for 1952.

The end of the war in Korea saw the end of combat service for the Firefly, which had seen the units sent to Korea also used while enroute to and from the war zone for strikes in Malaya in support of Operation Firedog, the anti terrorist war which had begun in 1948. The active first line service of the Firefly with the Royal Navy ended in 1956, though Fireflies modified as trainers, tugs and targets operated until 1964.

The Firefly was not a great warplane, but it was a thoroughgoing workhorse with extraordinary versatility and tractability, which had been able to take on missions unforeseen at the time of its initial design in 1939.

For a very long time, the only kit of the Korean-era Firefly was in 1/72, released by Airfix 50 years ago. In the 1990s, PP Aeroparts released a vacuform Firefly 4/5, which was later remastered in resin. This kit has not been available since around 2005. Grand Phoenix released a Firefly I around 2003, with plans to release a Firefly 4/5 that never came to fruition. Starting two years ago, has released the Firefly I, Firefly 4/5 and Firefly AS7 and U Mk.8 drone in various boxings covering different users of the airplanes. These look like they could have been based on the Grand Phoenix kit, at least as regards the Firefly I, but if so, the kit was cleaned up and certain failings like the prop spinner have been corrected. The Firefly 4/5 has been released in “Korean War” service, which involves airplanes of the Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy in Korea, and in “foreign service” which includes Dutch and Canadian markings. The Korean kit provides markings for 810, 812 and 821 Squadrons, FAA, and 817 Squadron RAN. The decals are quite thin and a modeler is well-advised to airbrush some Liquid Decal Film onto them before using to keep them from folding up on themselves.

The kits are typical Special Hobby. They feature nice surface detail and “detailed-enough” cockpits, with a variety of underwing ordnance. As is usual with Special Hobby, fit can be problematic and a modeler is well advised to “test fit four times before gluing once.” The kits come with both the rocket rails and mounting plate associated with the Firefly I and the later zero-length “double load” RPs used by the Firefly 4/5. The late version bomb racks are provided, but no bombs. The canopies are a bit thick but clear, and cannot be posed open.

I broke the construction process down to two major sub-assemblies, the fuselage and wing.

Assembly of the fuselage began with assembly and finish of the cockpits. These were painted overall flat black, so I assembled them before painting, then highlighted detail with a silver pencil. I used the kit decal for the instrument panel. The seats were Bakelite, so were painted Tamiya “Hull Red”. I made seat belts from lead foil saved from wine bottles back when they came with that. The fuselage was then assembled. It was obvious Mr. Surfacer was going to be used, but I waited until I had the model fully assembled before doing that.

Assembly of the wing started with attaching the resin wheel well to the lower wing surface. I test fitted the entire wing and discovered this resin block would fit with only a bit of sanding-down fore and aft. I superglued it in position, then attached up upper wings. I then assembled the radiator housings and glued them to the wing. More Mr. Surfacer was going to be put to use. I then assembled the wing pods and the horizontal stabilizers.

With careful fitting, the wing attached to the fuselage. I then attached the horizontal stabilizers. After allowing everything to set up overnight, I applied Mr. Surfacer to every joint and proceeded to sand down, re-apply, sand some more, then rescribe detail. When that was done, I attached the wing pods and applied Mr. Surfacer around their bases and sanded that smooth.

I used Tamiya tape to mask the canopies, a tedious process. With that done, I pre-shaded the model with Tamiya NATO Black. I then masked the areas of the black stripes and painted the white stripes, then masked them. I painted the upper surface with Tamiya XF-24 Dark Grey, and masked that off. I painted the lower surfaces with Xtracrylix “Sky.” I unmasked the camouflage and gave the model an overall coat of Future.

Having had a bad experience with the kit decals in the Special Hobby Guardian kit, and having heard some horror stories from other modelers about the very thin Special Hobby decals folding up on themselves when being positioned, I had airbrushed the decal sheet with Micro Sol “liquid decal film.” This meant I had to cut the decals closely to minimize carrier film, but the precaution meant they were easy to apply and they went down under an application of Micro-Sol.

I gave the model an overall coat of Xtracrylix “Satin” clear varnish. I then unmasked the canopies. I attached the landing gear, radio mast, catapult spools and other antennas, and prop. I also attached the underwing rockets.

A much easier kit (and lots less expensive) than the PP Aeroparts vacuform Firefly I did some 20 years ago. I've always liked the Firefly 4/5, and it is nice to have one in the collection now. Not a kit for beginners, but if you have some experience with limited-run kits, it won't present any problems you can't deal with.

Review kit courtesy of my wallet, a sale, and you good folks buying my books.

Reader reactions:
4  Awesome

13 additional images. Click to enlarge.

9 responses

  1. Nice job, Tom! I built a couple of those last year and think they were the best short run kits I've ever built. Like you, I love the Firefly. Thanks for posting.

  2. 🙂 ... Greetings ... 🙂 :
    Very nice work on that FIREFLY Tom, very nice work and scheme. In some way it speaks of history. It caught my attention.

  3. Nice work Tom, I too like the Firefly and have had the privilege of seeing a couple of real ones. Gorgeous airplane!. If you need wine bottle foil, check out your local Pubs or Taverns. I got like two handfuls or should I say "a life time supply" from one near my home. Once I explained to them what I was doing with it, they eagerly saved a bunch up for me. Also, thanks for the review, I've been considering this kit.

  4. As always, fantastic work on those dreaded short run kits. Also thanks for always providing the relevant historical background on the subject. It makes our hobby much more rewarding.

  5. Love the Firefly! Great job on this one. I built the old airfix 72 scale kit years ago. Now that my skills have improved, I'm kinda inspired to build another one!

  6. Tom. best looking one of the whole line! I'm drawn to RN, not only do they look different, but interesting responses to certain challenges. I see they now have the Drone version and the ASW type with the bulged bubble rear cockpit.
    So many kits/choices, so little time!

  7. nice !


  8. Fantastic. Great job on a non- shake and bake kit. 🙂

  9. Looks real good Tom, nice build.

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