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Tom Cleaver
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Review: Dora Wings 1/48 Republic P-43A Lancer

September 3, 2020 · in Reviews · · 22 Comments

The was the final result of the work of one of the most visionary figures in aviation, Alexander P. deSeversky. A pilot in the Imperial Russian Naval Air Service during World War I, Seversky first came to the United States in March 1918, as assistant naval attaché in the Russian Naval Aviation Mission to the United States. As Russia became torn by revolution, he decided to remain in the United States. Aftter offering his services to the War Department, Signal Corps chief General Kenly appointed him a consulting engineer and test pilot assigned to the Buffalo District of aircraft production. Following the Armistice, Seversky joined the staff of air power advocate General Billy Mitchell.

Seversky’s real ability was in technological development. He received the first patent for air-to-air refueling in 1921. He left active service the next year and devoted himself full-time to technical development. By 1928, he had submitted 364 patent applications, including the first gyroscopically stabilized bombsight, which he developed with Sperry Gyroscope Company in 1923. With $50,000 from the sale of his bombsight to the U.S. government, he founded the Seversky Aero Corporation in 1923. By concentrating on producing aircraft parts and instruments, the company survived the stock market crash of 1929. On February 16, 1931, backed by Wall Street millionaire Edward Moore and other investors, the company became the new Seversky Aircraft Corporation in Long Island, New York. Seversky's patents were the primary assets of the new company, and he resolved to invest in research and design. As a Russien emigre, many of Seversky's designers were Russian and Georgian engineers, including Chief Engineer Michael Gregor and Alexander Kartveli.

The aviation world first took serious notice of Seversky and his company with the appearance in 1933 of an advanced all-metal, multi-place monoplane amphibian, the SEV-3, one of the most advanced designs in existence at the time. Often piloted by Seversky himself, the SEV-3 set a speed record for amphibious aircraft of 230 mph on September 15, 1935. With the “wet wing” providing the greatest range of any contemporary, Seversky also set a transcontinental speed record in 1938.

The most important development of the design was the SEV-1P single-seat fighter. Originally fitted with a fixed spatted undercarriage, it was later fitted with a rearward-retracting landing gear and became the prototype of the P-35A, the Air Corps’ first fighter to combing all-metal construction with a retractable landing gear and enclosed cockpit. The SEV-S2, which was virtually identical to the P-35, dominated the last three Bendix Trophy air races, beginning in 1937 when Frank Fuller won at an average speed of 258 mph.

As with many visionaries, Seversky was not a successful operations manager. The company expanded in 1936, purchasing three factories, an airfield and hangar along with a seaplane assembly base at Famingdale and Amityville, Long Island. Despite landing several government contracts, including the P-35, the company never turned a profit under Seversky's leadership. In 1938, bankruptcy was avoided when Paul Moore, brother and heir of Edward, refinanced the company with proviso that Seversky, as President, would have his budget cut, while managine director Wallace Kellett assumed day-to-day control. When Seversky negotiated a secret contract with the Japanese for 20 SEV-2PA-B3, the resulting antagonism with the War Department led to the Air Corps limiting the P-35 order to the initial 76 aircraft, opening the door for Curtiss to take up the space with their P-36 Hawk that had initially lost the competition with the P-35. While Seversky made a European sales tour in 1939, the board of directors reorganized the company on October 13, 1939 as Aviation Corporation with Kellett the new president.

Seversky’s most important decision as leader of the company was to hire Alexander Kartveli as a designer. Born Alexander Kartvelishvili in Tblisi, Georgia, on September 9, 1896, he moved to Paris shortly before the outbreak of war to study aeronautical engineering and raduated in 1922 from the Highest School of Aviation in Paris. A short-loved career as a test pilot ended when he was seriously injured during a test flight. Between 1922–1927, he worked at the Louis Blériot company and designed the Bernard and Ferbois aircraft. In 1924, one of his aircraft established a world speed record, demonstrating his gifts as a designer. Following this success, American millionaire Charles Levine invited him to come to New York, and join the Atlantic Aircraft Corporation in 1928. In 1931, Kartvelishvili met Alexander deSeversky and went to work for his fellow Georgian, “Americanizing” his name to Kartveli. He was the primary designer of the SEV-3 and its later developments.

Kartveli became interested in increasing the altitude capability of the P-35, which resulted in the last P-35 being turned into the XP-41, with a Pratt & Whitney R-1830-19 engine equipped with a two-speed supercharger and revised, inward-retracting landing gear. At the same time, Kartveli developed the AP-4 demonstrator that appeared in 1939 shortly after the company’s reorganization and name change to Republic. Powered by a by a Pratt & Whitney R-1830 radial engine with a belly-mounted Boeing-developed turbocharger, the Air Corps ordered 272 as the P-43, giving it the name “Lancer.” The fighter had a very good high-altitude performance coupled with an effective oxygen system. The , however, labeled it a “failure,” and after serving with several soon-to-be P-38 groups on the West Coast in the spring of 1942, it became a trainer.

As with airplanes like the P-36, the Brewster Buffalo, and the P-40, it turns out that “official history” and reality are two very different topics. Here’s the real story:

Fast, with excellent long-range capabilities, the P-43 would see service in the Pacific War with both the USAAF in China and the RAAF for long-range, high-altitude photo recon missions until replaced by F-4/F-5 Lightnings.

The major combat service of the P-43 was with the Republic of China Air Force, which is little-known. The Chinese liked the airplane from the first time their purchasing commission saw it, where the USAAF didn’t, and got the US to provide 100 to them through Lend-Lease in late 1941/early 1942. The airplanes arrived in India in March/April 1942, where they were assembled and delivered on to China flying over the Hump. Some 20 didn’t make it, another 20 or so didn’t survive their Chinese pilots learning to fly them, but the 60-some left gave good service until the fall of 1943.

Prior to the arrival of the P-38 in China, the P-43 was the only airplane that could get up to the operating altitude of the JAAF’s new recon aircraft, the Ki-46 “Dinah,” and catch it. They were also used by both the and the USAAF 23rd Fighter Group for reconnaissance, since they had the Seversky “wet wing” and good range. The 23rd Fighter Group regularly flew them from Kunming down over northern Indochina as far as Hanoi and Haiphong, as well as out to the coast as far as Hong Kong and Shanghai, and the Japanese didn’t have a fighter in China that could get to the altitude they were flying at (35,000 feet plus).

In air combat, the P-43 did well against the Ki-27 Nate and Ki-43 Oscar so long as it fought in the vertical plane and used the dive-and-zoom tactic on the JAAF fighters from an altitude advantage. At least one ROCAF pilot was credited as an ace flying the P-43.

The ROCAF only stopped using the P-43 when they ran out of spares and the USAAF took the R-1830 engines for C-47s. Robert L. Scott Jr. liked the airplane and flew one up to Mt Everest in July 1942, where he took the first photos looking down on the mountain.

The P-43 is very reminiscent of the Reggiane series of fighters, which isn’t so surprising when one considers that Kartveli’s chief assistant was Roberto Longhi, who became Reggiane’s chief designer after he left Seversky and returned to his native Italy when the founder was deposed. As a friend said, “paint blotches on it and it’s a Re-2003.”

The Kit:

I was interested when announced this, having tried to do the Classic Airframes kit, which really deserves every bad word ever said about it, being one of the “lesser products” of that company. I was planning on ordering one when I get my payment for submitting the current manuscript, so I was surprised when my friend Eugen, who works at Dora Wings, sent me one for review. I got the manuscript sent off, decided to take some time to just do a model, and decided this would be the one.

So, like all other Dora Wings kits, it is a “high end” limited run kit but the operative terms are still “limited run.” The nice thing is, with “some modeling skills” applied, it goes together very well for a limited run kit, with only a bit of filler needed, and the result looks very good. So before I proceed further, if you’ve been thinking about getting this, go ahead and do it. If you have experience with limited run kits, you’ll get a great result. Be sure to test fit three times before gluing once, and yes, you will have to modify little things here and there to get good fit. Nothing an experienced limited run kit builder doesn’t know how to do.

The decals in the kit include a YP-43A that served in the 1st Pursuit Group in early 1942, A P-43 that was used by the 55th Pursuit Group for defense on the West Coast in late 1942/early 1942, and two anonymous P-43s probably used as trainers. For those who are interested, there are photos of P-43s on the internet showing them in camouflage with the 1st Pursuit Group, and also with red crosses over their insignia for participation in the 1941 War Games.

The end result of the research I did was I decided to do a well-used ROCAF airplane. From photos I found, I would only need Chinese insignia from one of my decal sheets.


One thing: there are a lot of sprue attachments, but fortunately they are done so they won’t harm the outer surface if you are careful in cutting the part off the sprue. Be very certain to get all the sprue nubs sanded off the parts, because even if this is a limited run kit, it was designed with pretty precise parts fit and you want the mating surfaces nice and smooth.

I started with the wing. The upper wing has the full trailing edge with it, which insures a knife blade trailing edge, but you need to sand down the area of the flaps inside the lower wing part to thin it down to get as close a fit as possible. This is the only place you’ll use any filler, if you take care on the rest of the assembly, You can see the area where I applied Mr. Surfacer to the lower wing in the upside-down shot below.

The cockpit is nicely detailed. The callout is for Interior Green, but I suspect (but cannot be absolutely certain) that the painting of the early P-47B was likely a holdover from the P-43, and I know those cockpits and all other P-47 cockpits are dull dark green, so that is what I went with here. The kit-supplied photo-etch is nearly useless, so I used Eduard seat belts. Once assembled and inside the fuselage half, the fuselage came together nicely, and by being careful (since there are no locating pins) I got it together such that I only needed a light scrape-down of the fuselage centerline seam.

You do not need to assemble that ferschlugginah engine mount, since you don’t need to use it and you won’t see it in the end. As to the engine, this is probably the nicest R-1830 engine model I’ve ever seen. Very delicate parts, and you are guaranteed to break some of the pushrods cutting those off. So I concentrated on getting one set, and then only detailed the front face, since once again, you won’t see the back. The cowling was fiddly to assemble, but again take your time, be certain the sprue nubs are cleaned off completely, and it fits. You can glue the engine inside to the cowling, so you really don’t need that engine mount. The p-e cowl flaps were useless, so I replaced them with .010 Evergreen sheet, opening them a slight bit as it appears they always sat that way on the ground in China.

The wing to fuselage join was easy. I got it in position, then glued the areas of the lower wing that attach to the fuselage fore and aft of the wing and wrapped those with rubber bands after being sure they were positioned right. Then I wrapped a rubber band around the wing, wingtip to wingtip, to increase the dihedral and get a nice tight fit of the upper wing to fuselage. Do this right and no putty is needed anywhere. Let the model set up overnight and when you remove the rubber bands, the wing will take correct dihedral with everything nice and tight and no gaps anywhere.

You need to widen the slots for the horizontal stabilizers to attach to the fuselage, but if you do that right and test-fit, you won’t need any putty there either. The rudder is a bit of a pain because it has that business of one side has the trailing edge and the other doesn’t. Again, sand the “inner” part till it fits perfectly to the other side, then run glue around the inside of the larger half, and attach them, squeezing them together to get a nice tight fit at that trailing edge. Then “paint” that joint with liquid cement and you can get things smooth enough you don’t have to sand down and lose the rib detail. I rounded the leading edges of the elevators, so they could be posed drooped.

Painting and Decals:

I decided to try the “marbling” technique for this, since I wanted to do a very faded paint job, like an airplane that had gone through two south China summers. I gave the model an overall coat of Tamiya semi-gloss black, then “marbled” that with thinned Tamiya X-2 gloss white.

I painted the model with Tamiya XF-53 “Neutral Grey” and my mixture for “OD-41 (Green base)” thinned in both cases to 50-50 and built up over the marbling to get a worn, uneven look to the finish, with the upper surface gone over with my mixture of “faded OD-41.” Suffice to say I am now a real fan of this technique; it’s the perfect way to pre-shade without ending up with that cartoonish “Spanish School” look.

Discovering that many of the ROCAF P-43s didn’t carry much in the way of markings, I only used ROCAF national insignia, faded on the upper wing and unfaded on the lower wing, from an AVG sheet.

Final Assembly:

I discovered that the inner and outer mainwheel doors are closed when the airplane is on the ground. Had I realized that to begin with, I would have glued them in position before further assembly of the wing, to get a really nice flush position by working from inside and out and trimming the door parts as necessary. I suggest you do that with yours.

I attached the landing gear, and found that the tailwheel, which is done “in scale” regarding size and thickness, is weak enough to that merely the light weight of the model will deform it. I bent it back into the proper position, then ran CA glue over the gear leg to stiffen it, and ran CA glue into the attachment area of the wheel to the gear leg. In both cases, you don’t notice this, and the tailwheel now has enough strength. I suggest you do that with yours.

The canopy fits in position to be open, so I did that. I fitted the prop and called it finished.


Well, if nothing else, this kit is further proof that a lot of aviation “history” is pretty hysterical. If you commit to taking your time and cleaning up parts thoroughly, then fitting carefully, you will have an excellent model. Remember that it’s “limited run” and you’ll get a result that looks like anything but.

Recommended for those with experience doing limited run kits.

29 additional images. Click to enlarge.

22 responses

  1. That's an excellent result, Tom.
    Great historical part, very enlightening to the point of providing the real perspective of this unfairly less sung fighter.

  2. Quite inspiring article and great build!

  3. I fully agree with the statement 'an excellent model' in your conclusion, Tom. @tcinla
    It is indeed an excellent build. Really like the paint results.
    Thanks for taking us back into history.

  4. Really like the paint job on this Tom. I will be using your build tips when I build an RAAF PR version when the kit arrives and when I find the time to do it. As usual your background story adds a great deal to the build.

  5. Great work on the Daddy to the Jug.

  6. I like it Tom! I've been trying to pick up one in 1/72, but the Pavla kits I usually find on ebay are generally more than I want to pay. It's a nice add to flesh out a good historical collection!

  7. Great result, Tom. I like the simplicity of the scheme too.

  8. Nice work Tom, I saw this release and was immediately interested. The P-47 is my favorite American single engine fighter of WWII and for that matter all time. I love the family lines of this precursor to the P-47 which paved the way for the P-51 and air superiority in WWII. Your finish shows lots of subtle variation that really looks good. From the pictures I saw of the sprues, it looks like very good kit for being limited run.

  9. Nice one Tom. I haven't picked one of these up yet as I'm hoping they do the photo recon version.

  10. Your Lancer turned out great, Tom. I will be sure to follow your build advice when I tackle mine which is currently back ordered.

  11. Some times the sun, moon and stars align to make for the perfect article and build. Excellent article and the build ...the painting is exceptional . Hard copy stuff.

    Two thumbs TC.

  12. This post is not only a model building, but really a complete history about that iconic aircraft. Congratulation for your dedication and standing up for studying.
    Great job, Tom.

  13. Great looking P-43 and article. Always thought the Achilles' heel of the P-43 was the "wet wing" fuel tanks, have read they were a nightmare to maintain, and that the sealant used in them was in short supply.

    Noticed the wear marks on the left wing, close to where the wing joins up at the fuselage, was that representing how the OD paint came off in the Chinese climates?

    • The wear on the wing is based on the photo in the collection of the guy putting the camera in the baggage compartment, where you can see the wear - such wear happened everywhere.

      The fuel tanks were problematic, but once they were fixed at Kunming after arriving in china, the only mention of them is General Bissell saying the Chinese shouldn't use the airplane because it leaked, while they were flying them without leaking. Bissell was a well-known i d i o t back then

  14. I really like reading the stories of these "overlooked" fighters...otherwise they would be lost and forgotten. Seeing how well your attempt at "marbling " came out, I'm going to have to give it a try. That paint job REALLY looks nice!

  15. Looks like a very nice model to build and an important piece of the P-47 Thunderbolt story. Bit weird look though, with only Chinese roundels and no numbers or other marks.

    Now, there is an interesting link to the Swedish air force during the WW2 regarding the Thunderbolt lineage: In 1939 Sweden decided to buy 120 P-35s. While these were produced the Americans decided to put an embargo to all sales but those for the British. Thus, only 60 P-35s found its way to Sweden, now under the local designation J 9. The first batch of J 9 fighters came by ship to the port of Trondheim in Norway, this was in early 1940. A few months later, in April, Trondheim was not an option anymore as the Germans had occupied Norway. After some negotiations, the final batch was shipped to the then Finish Arctic port of Petsamo. Today this region is part of Russia. The crated aircraft was taken by truck over rickety bridges and narrow country roads to Swedish territory, some 700 km away.

    The remaining 60 aircraft ordered was held by the American government and later taken to the Philipines to provide air cover. These aircraft, built and equipped to Swedish standards, were called P-35A to differ them from those built to American specs. Initially these J 9/P-35A flew with Swedish crown marks on the wings, in the Philipines!
    For photos and a bit of the story, in Swedish, please have a look at the links below:
    As the American embargo effectively put a stop on any sales of fighter planes to Sweden, the Swedish government had to look elsewere. In the end the Swedes had to take what was available and ordered 60 of Reggiane 2000s to fill up for the undelivered P-35s. If looking at drawings of the P-35 and the Re 2000 there is not much difference between them save for a few details (I would say the P-43 is one step more away from the P-35 towards the P-47, and have lost a bit of the likeness to the Italian aircraft). One notable difference is the main landing gear style. On the American aircraft the legs just fold rearward, on the Italian aircraft the landing gear turned 90 degrees while folding back (just like on the F4U Corsair and P-40), the landing gear on the P-43 is folding inwards, Thunderbolt style.

    The story of Sweden and Seversky (Republic) could have taken another interesting turn if other decisions had been made in 1945 as Sweden were shopping for new fighters in the closing months of the WW2. Had not the commander of the Royal Swedish Air Force thought P-51 Mustang looked sexier, we would have had P-47 Thunderbolts. The papers were merely a signature away from being signed when minds were changed and some 160 P-51 Mustangs were bought from surplus stocks...

    • Thanks for all that, Stellan. And one of those P-35As, flown by 2nd Lt Lamar Gillet, shot down an A6M2 over Limon Bay in the Philippines. (the following is an unpaid commercial announcement): you can read about it in "I Will Run wild, which will be released in two weeks.

      • There is one original J 9 in the Swedish Air Foce Museum collection in Linköping, Sweden. A second one was gifted to USA in the 1970s, it seems to be in the care of Kermit Weeks to be restored into flying condition. According to rumor it is to be marked in mixed Swedish and American markings, just as the P-35As in the Philippines.

  16. Beautiful build of a often overlooked fighter.

    Most likely the Chinese fighter aces is Kao You-hsin. He was the commander of the 21st ps with P-43As. During the battle of Chang-the, they carried drop tank filled with 6310 7.92mm rifle rounds wrapped in cotton waste to resupply the surrounded army.

    • Thanks Thomas! I love the way I can put something out like that and someone else comes along with the answer. Great story, too. There's so much out there to still be pieced together.

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