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Tom Cleaver
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Mauve 1/48 P-40N-1

February 2, 2018 · in Aviation · · 18 · 3K

The P-40N was the final sub-type to see operational service. Appearing in 1943, it was an attempt on the part of Curtiss to lighten the airframe and improve performance. The P-40N-1 was outwardly indistinguishable from the preceding P-40M, except that the outer gun in each wing had been removed, and smaller and lighter P-51 main gear wheels were used. In this “stripped” version, it was the fastest P-40, with a top speed of 380mph. However, once in service, most groups opted to restore the guns, and some in China and the CBI replaced the smaller wheels with the earlier, larger ones to make navigating a muddy airfield easier. The P-40N-1 was quickly supplanted by the P-40N-5, which had a much-modified canopy and rear area of the cockpit to improve visibility.

The Burma Banshees:

Formed in the spring of 1942, the 80th Fighter Group, consisting of the 88th, 89th and 90th Fighter Squadrons, trained for a year on the P-47 in the expectation they would be sent to the Eighth Air Force to fly escort to the bombers over Europe.

The AAF had different ideas.

On May 10, 1943, the group shipped out of New York harbor, but the ships turned south rather than east, and went to Cape Town, South Africa, then up the east coast of Africa to arrive at Karachi, India, on June 29, 1943. Stationed at Sind Airfield, 15 miles outside of town in the middle of the desert, the men found no P-47s awaiting them. A few ancient Hawk 81.A-3s long since given up by the American Volunteer Group were available for conversion training to their new mount, the Curtiss P-40.

Several weeks later, 48 P-40N-1s flew into the field to provide the group's equipment. Shortly after, all the senior leadership of the group and squadrons were replaced by experienced pilots of the 51st Fighter Group, which was moving up to China. The 80th FG would now become the Tenth Air Force's fighter group in Assam.

In September, the 89th FS established itself at Nagugli, followed at the end of the month by the 88th, which set up at Mokelbari. They were just in time for the south Asian monsoon, which hindered operations throughout the fall of 1943. The pilots were able to grow familiar with the territory and their mission: defense of the Hump airfields from Japanese attack, and ground attack against targets in Burma.

89th FS pilot 1st Lt. Dixie Clower came up with the group's distinctive nose marking during their first months in-theater. No two of the skulls painted on the noses of the P-40s was the same, and the unit took the name “Burma Banshees.”

On December 10, 1943, Captain William S. Harrell was leading four P-40Ns of the 89th FS when they spotted three Ki.21 “Sally” bombers, escorted by four Ki.43 “Oscar” fighters. In their first pass, Harrell shot down an Oscar and a Sally, while element leader 1st Lt George Whitley shot down a second Sally, while his wingman, 2nd Lt Dodd Shepard, shot down another Oscar. Harrell was unable to knock down the third Sally, which fell to his wingman, 2nd Lt. McCarty. Harrell was soon promoted CO of the 89th FS, but like most pilots in the 80th FG, he had no further opportunity for aerial combat.

Two weeks later, pilots of the 88th and 89th squadrons intercepted a Japanese bombing raid, during which two Sallys and five Oscars were shot down.

The 80th's best day was March 27, 1944, when the Banshees flew in support of Merrill's Marauders as “flying artillery. Oscars attacked and in several different fights, 18 enemy aircraft were shot down. 1st Lt. Ralph Ward's flight from the 90th squadron ran across a Japanese formation and Ward, his wingman 2nd Lt. Gale Lyon, element leader 2nd Lt Joe Patton, and his wingman, Flight Officer Samuel E. “Gene” Hammer, who had only recently joined the group, shot down two each as they chased the Japanese back into Burma.

These doubles were beaten by two pilots of the 89th Squadron involved in the same 2nd Lt. Herbert “Hal” Doughty who shot down two Oscars and a Ki.49 Helen, while his flight leader, 1st Lt. R.D. Bell, also got two Oscars and a Helen.

The last P-40 victories scored by an 80th group pilot were gotten by Gale Lyon on July 9, 1944. His flight of P-40s, each carrying two 250-lb bombs, spotted a large formation of Oscars that attacked them jsut as the Americans salvoed their bombs. Lyon's wingman, 1st Lt. Tom O'Connor was shot down, and Lyon managed to spot two enemy fighters in the clouds in quick succession and shoot them down before being spotted.

That summer, the 80th was finally re-equipped with P-47s and blazed a trail across Burma as fighter bombers. Lyons' score of four was beaten on December 14, 1944 by Gene Hammer, by then a commissioned 2nd Lt., shot down three Ki.44 Tojos, which added to his two Ki.21s the previous March, made him the only ace of the Burma Banshees.


The P-40M and P-40N kits first appeared in late 1994 (there was also a release of an RAF Kittyhawk III - the P-40M with different decals). They were vastly superior to the AMT P-40s being released around the same time in terms of delicate surface detail, and much was expected of the company based on these excellent kits. Unfortunately, the 1995 Kobe earthquake destroyed their production facility.

Other than their cockpits, these kits are actually superior to the later Hasegawa P-40s in terms of surface detail and ease of assembly. At the time, resin cockpits were produced by True Details and Squadron/Falcon made vacuform canopies fitted for the kits, which were superior to the kit canopies which were too thick to be displayed open.

Cut to 22 years later - I happen to be fortunate to have an LHS 15 minutes from me here in the City of Lost Angles, run by a guy who understands the problem created by his customers “of a certain age” departing for the big hobbyshop in the sky and leaving basements or garages full of those #$%$#@! models their survivors have to deal with. Thus, one can walk in the shop and often find large selections of older kits, being sold at their original prices (or less). This past fall, I snagged two Mauve kits - a P-40M and a P-40N. Old decal sheets are also found there, and I spotted SuperScale 49-712, “P-40N Aces of the CBI.” A quick order of two True Details cockpits and two Squadron canopies, and I was on my way.


The Mauve kits are easy to build, there are none of the “inserts” one finds in the Hasegawa P-40s. There is more detail in the Hasegawa kits in terms of the nose radiator, a better tailwheel, etc., but nothing major.

I assembled the wing and fuselage sub-assemblies, then painted the resin cockpit and assembled it, then fitted it in the fuselage. I found it was useful to put a spreader bar in the fuselage aft of the cockpit, using a piece of cut-down sprue, to get a good join of wing and fuselage.

I trimmed and fitted the Squadron vacuform canopy windscreen and glued it in place with C-A after dipping in Future to avoid fogging.

With care in assembly, I only needed some Mr. Surfacer on the fuselage centerline and the upper wing/fuselage join. After attaching the horizontal stabilizers, the model was ready for painting.


I used Tamiya Neutral Grey and my mixture of Tamiya “Khaki Drab,” “Flat Earth” and a bit of “flat Yellow” to create brown-drab late war Olive Drab. These were free-handed, and both colors were post-shaded. I used Tamiya “Flat Green” for the medium green blotches on the leading and trailing edges of the flying surfaces that Curtiss painted their P-40Ns.

The SuperScale decals for Gene Hammer's “Ruth Marie” White 71 went on without problem.

I attached the landing gear. The prop blades in the kit are too long, so I cut them 1/16" shorter and then reshaped them, which incidentally turned them into the “paddle” blades that were right for the P-40N. I gave the model an overall coat of clear flat, then “dinged” it with a silver pencil. I unmasked the canopy and installed the sliding section open.


It's really too bad Mauve ran into bad luck with the earthquake, because they were on the way to establishing themselves as a player in the industry. These kits are still great models if you find them and are well worth picking up. Fortunately, Squadron still carries the cockpits and canopies, and decals can be found on the internet if you don't have an LHS like mine any more.

Reader reactions:
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12 additional images. Click to enlarge.

18 responses

  1. I have an Eduard P-40N profipack in the stash. I'm pretty sure it was a Mauve kit re boxed with Eduard resin and photo etch parts. I was looking at it a few weeks ago and your right it looks like a great kit. You did a fine job with yours.

  2. Always did like that one - and that scheme as well...nice work.

  3. As usual a very informative read. Thanks Tom! The history behind the subjects we model are usually very interesting. The Banshees had by far the most impressive markings. The P 40 is mostly modelled with the distictive shark mouth markings so it's nice to see them in either the Alaskan Tiger or Skull markings. Well done Tom!

  4. Interesting information about the model and lots of history to read.

  5. Tom, good info on this little known group with some of the coolest looking nose art ever seen and fittingly appropriate for this airplane and the group. I built the Eduard version (actually built a few) and your right about the resin floor. I always tell people to carefully thin it and narrow it down, then once you figured out how to trim down this over thick clog of resin, toss it back in the box and grab the plastic kit floor and use it, It looks just fine and fits great. Nice work here.

  6. Love the artwork of this P-40 and your model is just excellent Tom!

  7. Nicely done Tom, like the history lesson as well.

  8. Really nice, Tom - and your usual history lesson is very welcome! I have a soft spot in my heart - so to speak - for P-40s & P-39/P400s because they were kind of like the "underdog planes" who weren't all speed and such but still served faithfully from the beginning to end of WWII.

    • By the way ... what is an LHS store? Local Hobby Store? If so, it's a real shame that more cities don't have them. We had Bob Steele's Hobby shop here in Indy that carried EVERYTHING - or so it seemed to me back in the 1960s!

  9. Hell, Tom, you'll almost be in Canada...

  10. What an iconic bird. Nice build and really appreciate the background content as well.

  11. Very nice - love the P-40 in all it's various livery!

  12. Very nice, it's good to see Sam Hammer's plane modeled. He was the only P40 Ace from the Burma Banshees.

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